Recordkeeping, or boring paperwork.
Employers are required to keep certain records. These records comply with federal/state safety regulations. Examples of some records the Occupational Safety and Health Act requires: include injury and lost work time, job transfer/modified duty, etc.
Some other records employers should keep include safety program training courses presented to employees. Or simple records of workplace/job task assessments and related personal protective equipment needs for same.
For more information, check out https://www.osha.gov/recordkeeping/2014, and 29 CFR 1920.132 for job assessments. Read, be informed, and be safe.